Journal Information
Vol. 57. Issue 2.
Pages 139 (February 2021)
Vol. 57. Issue 2.
Pages 139 (February 2021)
Clinical Image
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Pulmonary vein thrombosis due to invasive pulmonary aspergillosis
Trombosis de vena pulmonar secundaria a aspergilosis pulmonar invasiva
Luis Gorospe Sarasúaa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Anabelle Chinea-Rodríguezb, Ana María Ayala-Carboneroa
a Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
b Servicio de Hematología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
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We report the case of a 64-year-old patient with a history of myelodysplastic syndrome treated with haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), who developed graft-versus-host disease as a complication, requiring treatment with corticosteroids and ruxolitinib. Six months after HSCT, he presented in the emergency room with a severe respiratory infection. Chest CT revealed bilateral pulmonary opacities and a large filling defect of a segmental pulmonary vein extending to the right inferior pulmonary vein, but not to the left atrium, consistent with acute thrombosis (Fig. 1A–C). The detection of galactomannan antigen confirmed invasive aspergillosis, and antifungal therapy (voriconazole) was initiated. Anticoagulants could not be given due to severe thrombocytopenia caused by ruxolitinib. A follow-up chest CT confirmed radiological improvement of the pulmonary vein thrombosis and inflammatory changes in the lungs.

Fig. 1.

A) Axial chest CT image showing a tubular opacity in the posterior-basal segment of the right lower lobe corresponding to a large filling defect in the pulmonary vein of that segment (arrow). B and C) Oblique coronal (B) and sagittal (C) reconstructions of the chest CT (maximum intensity projection images) in which the continuity of the thrombosed vein (arrow) to the right inferior pulmonary vein (asterisk) and the left atrium (AI) can be best identified. D) Chest axial CT images (pulmonary parenchyma window at the aortic arch and bases) showing small bilateral parenchymal opacities (arrows).


Pulmonary vein thrombosis due to invasive aspergillosis is a highly unusual and serious complication that requires immediate antifungal and anticoagulant treatment to prevent progression to the left atrium and the development of life-threatening systemic embolisms.1 In our case, antifungal treatment (without anticoagulants) was sufficient to contain the progression of pulmonary venous thrombosis.

P.D. Stein, J.E. Denier, L.R. Goodman, F. Matta, M.J. Hughes.
Pulmonary vein thrombosis in patients with medical risk factors.
Radiol Case Rep, 13 (2018), pp. 1170-1173

Please cite this article as: Gorospe Sarasúa L, Chinea-Rodríguez A, Ayala-Carbonero AM. Trombosis de vena pulmonar secundaria a aspergilosis pulmonar invasiva. Arch Bronconeumol. 2021;57:139.

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