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Vol. 47. Issue S7.
Hipertensión pulmonar
Pages 21-25 (November 2011)
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Vol. 47. Issue S7.
Hipertensión pulmonar
Pages 21-25 (November 2011)
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Marcadores biológicos. Utilidad para el control del paciente con hipertensión pulmonar
Biological markers. Utility in the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension
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Julio Sánchez Román??
Corresponding author
sanchezroman@telefonica.net

Autor para correspondencia.
, María Jesús Castillo Palma, Francisco J. García Hernández, Rocío González León
Unidad de Colagenosis e Hipertensión Pulmonar, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, España
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Se entiende como marcador biológico cualquier característica que puede ser objetivamente medida y evaluada como indicadora de un proceso biológico normal, un proceso patogénico o una respuesta farmacológica a una intervención terapéutica. En el terreno de la hipertensión arterial pulmonar (HAP), además de los marcadores habituales (hemodinámicos y funcionales), se cuenta con un número creciente de biomarcadores que permiten un acercamiento cada vez más completo al conocimiento de la susceptibilidad y al establecimiento del diagnóstico, pronóstico y respuesta al tratamiento. Estos marcadores pueden ser tanto constitutivos (genéticos) como reactivos a la enfermedad (relacionados con el fallo ventricular derecho, como BMP/NT-proBNP, con la disfunción endotelial, como la endotelina-1, o con la inflamación, como determinadas citocinas y quimiocinas). Los nuevos descubrimientos en genómica y proteómica permiten augurar avances fundamentales en este campo.

Palabras clave:
Hipertensión pulmonar
Biomarcadores
NT-proBNP
Genética
Abstract

A biological marker can be defined as any substance that can be objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of a normal biological process, a pathogenic process or pharmacological responses to a therapeutic intervention. In pulmonary hypertension (PH), in addition to routine markers (hemodynamic and functional), there are a growing number of biomarkers that allow an increasingly comprehensive approach to knowledge of susceptibility to this disease and to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment response. These markers can be both constitutive (genetic) and disease-related (related to right ventricular failure, such as BMP/NT-proBNP, endothelial dysfunction, such as endothelin-1, or inflammation, such as certain cytokines and chemokines). Novel insights in genomics and proteomics may allow major advances in this field.

Keywords:
Pulmonary hypertension
Biomarkers
NT-proBNP
Genetics
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Copyright © 2011. Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica
Archivos de Bronconeumología

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