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Vol. 55. Issue 7.
Pages 379 (July 2019)
Vol. 55. Issue 7.
Pages 379 (July 2019)
Clinical Image
DOI: 10.1016/j.arbr.2019.05.004
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Study Revealing Pulmonary Nodules
Nódulos pulmonares a estudio
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Miguel Martín Asenjo
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miguel.martin.asenjo@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Javier Miguel Martín Guerra, Pedro Luis Álvarez Álvarez
Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
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We report the case of a 76-year-old woman, non-smoker, operated for hepatic hydatid cysts 8 years previously. She consulted with a 4-day history of cough, purulent expectoration without fever, and dyspnea. Examination was significant for painless hepatomegaly. Chest radiograph (Fig. 1A) showed multiple nodules of various sizes in both lung fields and elevation of the right hemidiaphragm. Differential diagnosis was performed, taking into account metastasis, lung cancer, and hydatidosis. Chest CT showed nodular images of fluid density (Fig. 1B), some of which were located inside the arterial branches (Fig. 1C). The right diaphragmatic dome showed another hepatothoracic transitional cyst (Fig. 1D). Anti-Echinococcus granulosus IgG antibody titers (ELISA) were positive. Treatment began with albendazole.

Fig. 1.

(A) Chest X-ray. (B) Lung CT: pulmonary nodules of fluid density. (C) Lung CT, sagittal slice: arrows indicate nodular images located in the interior of arterial branches. (D) Lung CT, coronal slice: hepatothoracic transitional cyst.

(0.27MB).

Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by tapeworm larvae of the Echinococcus genus. Its main reservoir is dogs, with humans acting an accidental host by contact with dogs and consumption of contaminated food. Latency is long, with slowly growing cysts located mainly in the liver and, to a lesser extent, the lungs or other organs of the body.1 Diagnosis is clinical, radiological and serological. Clinical symptoms are usually due to rupture, superinfection, or anaphylaxis. This disease can recur after surgery of the primary cyst, dissemination of cyst contents – as in the present case–, or after rupture.2 However, Echinococcus granulosus can penetrate the filter of the vena cava, without requiring the presence of liver cysts or a history of surgical intervention. So, although multiple pulmonary nodules are most often metastatic tumors, multiple pulmonary hydatidosis should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis.

References
[1]
D.P. McManus, D.J. Gray, W. Zhang, Y. Yang.
Diagnosis, treatment, and management of echinococcosis.
BMJ, 11 (2012), pp. 344
[2]
J. Eckert, P. Deplazes.
Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern.
Clin Microbiol Rev, 17 (2004), pp. 107-135

Please cite this article as: Martín Asenjo M, Martín Guerra JM, Álvarez Álvarez PL. Nódulos pulmonares a estudio. Arch Bronconeumol. 2019;55:379.

Copyright © 2018. SEPAR
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